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BATIK TUBAN OF TRADITIONAL EAST JAVA

Posted by alieyasakuru on April 26, 2009

The existence of the profession of traditional batik is now almost a work that has been abandoned by many people, because the skills needed not considered comparable with the income earned from work as a batik craftsmen, so that only the hands of the skilled pengrajinlah we can enjoy a work culture that values high art.
Tuban batik is a traditional work culture that still exists until now received by masyarakat.sebab beside the value estetik displaying high enough, also the actual value of culture in this paper clearly visible, so the traditional batik Tuban is a product that has a distinctive uniqueness. Given the willingness menipisnya community members menekuni profession because this is not considered commercial, and the potential presence of this traditional product dilestarikan need even need to be developed. With the establishment of Tubanstore, hopefully the craftsmen can see that the profession is not as dibayangkannya, because Tubanstore want to introduce batik both local and international, so the traditional batik Tuban this growing and kelestariannya remain awake and not only that, but can also enrich and transform this work culture to the modern.

History of Traditional Tuban Batik Tulis Tuban as one of the region in the Eastern part of Java island, has a complexion culture is unique, why? Because in the history of this Region have entered 3 governance culture that values affect each other, and until now this culture still exist and grow together, without creating a culture tersingkir this.Third is the culture.

1. Java, who trickle in this region when the power of Majapahit era (XII-XIV century)
2. Islam, because this life region a theologian who is well-Sunan Bonang (1465-1525 M)
3. China (Chinese), as in Tubanlah the remaining lascar army kubalai khan fled from kekalahannya at the time of the Java in the early XII century, until now the descendants of this many people living in Tuban, the interaction takes place this third culture of the period up to now and influence the Tuban patterns of community life until now.

Write a Traditional Motif Batik Tuban, when in cermati, look how these motives influenced the cultural values it, Islam, and China. Images on the bird motif batik Tuban clearly visible from the influence of Chinese culture, because the image of a bird on dimotifkan batik bird is visible is “Hong” which clearly does not exist in the Tuban area. Are in the flower motif is clearly visible motives traditional long since made in almost all parts of Java. While the influence of Islam in Tuban batik motifs seen in the motif
with a religious name, such as barnacle italics.
Previously batik is used only for ceremonies such as traditional public charity Tuban earth, weddings, funerals.
In the development of the era, it is this use of Tuban batik not only for the ceremony – traditional ceremonies, but has expanded on its use such as tables, table cloth, pillowcase, decorations, wall decorations, clothing modist model for both men and women.
Of the things mentioned above is clear that the traditional batik Tuban that have unique characteristics that need to dilestarikan very existence let alone the potential development of highly prospective.

The process of making Batik Tulis Batik Tuban Gedog Traditional Traditional Writing (cotton cloth):
1. Cotton cloth
2. Diputihkan, washed
3. Dried until dry
4. Dilengkreng / dipola
5. Isen-isen
6. Walled
7. Dyed with the basic colors
8. Diangin-anginkan to dry
9. Isen-isen
10. Dye color of the desired
11. Diangin-anginkan
12. Dilorot, to separate the night
13. Diangin-anginkan to dry
The process Gedog Write a Traditional Batik on cotton cloth takes 3-4 business days, and when rainy season, may take longer.

Write a Gedog Traditional batik (woven fabric):
1. Yarn yarn, as the raw material
2. Thread is boiled to remove fat
3. Dried until dry
4. Be with the corn flour / starch flour
5. Disikat with coconut fiber
6. In dihani, to determine the length and width of the fabric.
7. Insert a comb in the thread; included in the binoculars, digulungdipalet / Pemaletan.
8. Woven
9. Kain Lawon
10. Diputihkan, washed
11. Dried until dry
12. Dilengkreng / dipola
13. Isen-isen
14. Walled
15. Dye, with the basic colors
16. Diangin-anginkan to dry
17. Isen-isen
18. Dye color of the desired
19. Diangin-anginkan
20. Dilorot, to separate the night
21. Diangin-anginkan to dry
Batik process Gedog Write on Traditional woven fabric takes 14-18 working days, and when the rainy season, may take longer.

Type of Batik Gedog
Specialty batik gedog, not only pembuatannya process, but also motifnya as ganggeng, Randu flower, flowers waluh, cuken, jasmine selangsang, satriyan, italics gravestone, likasan kothong, clipping, panjiori, kenongo uleren, krentil pennant, flag oblique, and the pennant konang ,. Motif batik last three ancients perhaps only be a prince. Batik motifs krentil flag color indigo is believed to cure diseases.

Potential areas of Batik Gedog
Initially, traditional batik is only known in a district called the hoist, especially didesa Margirejo, Salary village, the village Kedongrejo and Karanglo.yang very traditional village pengerjaanya start the process from beginning to end, the color of the raw materials are still using the leaf – daunan, most who are parents, the dikecamatan Because this is the first hoist people began to spin thread and weave cloth. Development in other villages, which then also follow the traditional batik include coral village, the village prunggahan west district and village semanding Tuban district Sumurgung.
Activities of traditional batik Tuban this is done by a working group, called the regular business unit, which has some of the batik.

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